- A focus on a small number of goals - that everyone needs to pursue
- A guiding coalition - a strong central team so that progress is not dependent on one leader
- Collective capacity building - involving peer-based learning. Fullan identifies 2 benefits of learning as a team: improvement in a staff's knowledge of ideas and practices, and staff allegiance to peers within the organization.
- Individual capacity building - hiring people who will work with and complement the abilities and styles of others.
- Reaping the benefits of collaborative competition. At first competition and collaboration seem to be opposites but Fullan writes that competition can be a by-product of collaboration - as people are intrinsically motivated to work together, they develop a healthy competition to do their best for the common good. An effective change leader appreciates this combination and fosters a culture that supports both in a healthy way without leading to a win-lose mentality.
What do you think about the last point. Can competition and collaboration work together to improve the culture of a school?