Here is the example given by Sousa:
Remember level: Name the planets in the solar system
A more difficult question at the Remember level: Name the planets in the solar system in order from the sun
Analysis and Evaluate level: Was it necessary to downgrade Pluto to a dwarf planet? (Here a student has to understand and analyze the differences between a planet and a dwarf planet and evaluate whether it was necessary to downgrade.
- Recall - basic knowledge - corresponds to Remembering and Understanding
- Basic application of skill/concept - corresponds to Applying
- Strategic thinking - requires research and synthesis - corresponds to Analysing and Evaluating
- Extended thinking - involves originally and innovation - corresponds to Creating
Studies show that engagement increases when students are asked to engage in higher-order thinking activities, as it "rescues" their brains from rote memorization, boredom and disengagement.