There are 3 different types of trust in schools:
- organic trust - which was defined as felt value
- contractual trust - what you are expected to do as part of your job
- relational trust - what our expectations are of others, and what responsibility we have to others. Relational trust is founded on our beliefs and our observation of others' behaviour.
In "American-style" presentations and workshops the session often starts with an inclusion/icebreaker activity to build relationships between complete strangers. Often at the end of the workshop, relationships that were so quickly built are usually just as quickly dropped. In contrast, icebreaker activities in relationship-based societies are rare.
Another example is that if someone is fired from a job in an American company, the relationship of the other workers with that person are likely to be broken. In relationship-based societies, that's practically unheard of, as the loyalty is to the individual and not to the company. In fact often in those companies team members will follow the person to the new company.
And then there is another variable. Meyer calls this the peach -v- the coconut. In "peach" cultures such as the US, people tend to be soft and friendly with people they have just met - often moving to first name terms very quickly and sharing personal information. However it's not so far into a peach that you meet a hard shell: friendliness does not equal friendship. Europeans, on the other hand, appear much more stony, or even hostile at first. These are the "coconut" cultures where there is a tough shell: they rarely smile at strangers or ask personal questions to those they don't know. After a while, however, you get through the hard shell and people will become warmer and friendlier. The relationships built up slowly and over a longer time are the ones that tend to last longer.
Thinking about this I think I'm most definitely a task-based person, though living an expat life overseas for the past 30 yers and having to socialize with my colleagues I've become much more relationship-based. And as for the peach and the coconut - yep I'm definitely a coconut!